GatsbyJS + Wagtail + GitPod : An Introduction

Exploring if a GatsbyJS progressive web app generator frontend with a headless Wagtail backend could be a solution for small-sized clients and personal projects when I want to "whip something up" quickly without sacrificing design, performance, hosting costs, user or site editor experience?

Wagtail GitPod Gatsby I’ve recently been working with Gatsby + Wagtail which includes proficiencies with GraphQL, Python, Django.

GOALS:

  • Hooking Wagtail and Gatsby together
  • Demo app created starting with gitpod

Assumptions:

  1. Starting from gitpod
  2. Python 3.8

Why Wagtail

Learn more about Wagtail and what’s coming next:

What’s Coming Next In Wagtail CMS | July 2020

Why GatsbyJS

Learn more about GatsbyJS

I. Add Blog App

  • run python manage.py startapp blog
  • update blog/models.py with the following content:
from __future__ import unicode_literals

from django.db import models

# Create your models here.
from wagtail.core.models import Page
from wagtail.core.fields import StreamField, RichTextField
from wagtail.core import blocks
from wagtail.admin.edit_handlers import FieldPanel, StreamFieldPanel
from wagtail.images.blocks import ImageChooserBlock

from grapple.models import (
    GraphQLString,
    GraphQLStreamfield,
)


class BlogIndexPage(Page):
    intro = RichTextField(blank=True)

    content_panels = Page.content_panels + [
        FieldPanel('intro', classname="full")
    ]


class BlogPage(Page):
    date = models.DateField("Post date")
    intro = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    author = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    body = StreamField(
        [
            ("heading", blocks.CharBlock(classname="full title")),
            ("paragraph", blocks.RichTextBlock()),
            ("image", ImageChooserBlock()),
        ]
    )

    content_panels = Page.content_panels + [
        FieldPanel("date"),
        FieldPanel("intro"),
        FieldPanel("author"),
        StreamFieldPanel("body", classname="full"),
    ]

    graphql_fields = [
        GraphQLString('heading'),
        GraphQLString('date'),
        GraphQLString('author'),
        GraphQLString('body'),
    ]

II. Install Graphene

run pip install "graphene-django>=2.0"

III. Install Wagtail Grapple

run pip install wagtail_grapple

IV. Install Wagtail Media

run pip install wagtailmedia

V. Configure Graphene and Grapple

add graphene settings to base.py:

GRAPHENE = {
    'SCHEMA': 'grapple.schema.schema'
}
GRAPPLE_APPS = {
    "home": "",
    "blog": "",
    }

VI. Configure URLs

add two new imports to your urls.py file:

  from django.views.decorators.csrf import csrf_exempt
  from graphene_django.views import GraphQLView

add two new URLs to your urls.py file, just above the wagtail entry:

  url(r'^api/graphql', csrf_exempt(GraphQLView.as_view())),
  url(r'^api/graphiql', csrf_exempt(GraphQLView.as_view(graphiql=True, pretty=True))),

VII. Add the new apps to settings:

add the install apps to your settings.py file:

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    # ... previously installed apps
    'blog',
    'graphene_django',
    'wagtail_graphql',
    'wagtailmedia',
    'grapple',
    )

VIII. Migrate database

  • run python manage.py makemigrations
  • run python manage.py migrate

IX. Start your local server

run python manage.py runserver 8080

X. Make a new blog entry
  • access the wagtail admin at http://localhost:8080/admin

    this will not be the exact link with gitpod because they will give you a unique url, but it will now be active at the port 8080.

  • Using the menu, navigate to Explorer > Home Page and then click Add Child Page
  • Add new page using the type BlogPage
  • Fill in all the fields
  • Save and Publish
XI. Test GraphQL
XII. Install Gatsby globally

run npm i -g gatsby-cli

this is because we are starting with the wagtail docker file, gatsby is not already included in the environment. For a better solution whenever the application environment is spun up we will need to include it in the original docker file.

XIII. Create new front end directory with gatsby command-line command

run gatsby new site https://github.com/tm-kn/watail-graphql-api-gatsby

you can create a new site with any of the gatsby starters but it will require more work in order to alter the graphql queries to suit your needs.

XIV. Add Wagtail GraphQL endpoint to your environment

add this one line to a /site/.env file:

WAGTAIL_GRAPHQL_ENDPOINT=http://localhost:8080/graphql/
XV. Run front end
cd site
gatsby develop

this spins up the gatsby front end at port 8000 default

VISIT YOUR SITE RUNNING IN DEVELOPER MODE AT PORT 8000 !